prof. dr hab. Maria Lewicka



Position: professor

Unit: Departament of Social Psychology


Telephone: (22) 55 49 822

Office: 311


Academic carreer

MA 1972, Institute of Psychology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań

PhD 1978, Institute of Psychology, University of Warsaw

habilitation 1993, Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw

professor title: 2013

Research interests:

Rationality of thought and action; processes of evaluation; environmental psychology; social and cultural capital, socio-political beliefs; place identity and place attachment; mechanisms of civic activity, collective memory (in particular: place memory), psychological maps


BEFORE HABILITATION (only publications in English):

  • Lewicka, M. (1977). Evaluative and descriptive aspects of organization of cognitive structures. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 8, 3-12 LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (1979). Effect of cognitive set: to diagnose or to evaluate upon impression formation and change. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 10, 21-30 LINK PDF
  • Czapiński, J., Lewicka, M. (1979). Dynamics of interpersonal attitudes: positive-negative asymmetry. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 10, 31-40
  • Lewicka, M., Suchecki, J. (1980). Positivity bias in perception and organization of cognitive field. In: F. Klix, J. Hoffman (Eds.), Cognition and Memory. VEB Deutscher Verlag, Berlin, (pp.237-243)
  • Lewicka, M. (1988). On subjective and objective anchoring of cognitive acts. How behavioural valence modifies reasoning schemata. In: W.J. Baker, L.P. Mos, H.V. Rappard, H.J. Stam (Eds.), Recent Trends in Theoretical Psychology. Springer-Verlag.(pp. 285-301) LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (1985). Affective involvement, descriptive consistency of socio-political beliefs, and organizational membership of Polish workers, 1981. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 16, 13-26 LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (1986). Do verbs obey DeMorgan's laws? Polish Psychological Bulletin,17, 101-110 LINK PDF
  • Olszański, R., Lewicka, M. (1988). Risk preferences in depressed and nondepressed subjects, Polish Psychological Bulletin, 3, 77-89
  • Lewicka, M.(1988). Trait-behaviour and behaviour-trait implicational schemata and developmental vs. conservative character of behaviour. Jena Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift, 6, 671-679
  • Kubicka-Daab, J., Lewicka, M. (1989). Control and self-efficacy beliefs in depressed and non-depressed subjects, Polish Psychological Bulletin
  • Lewicka, M. (1989). Toward a pragmatic perspective on cognition. Does evaluative meaning influence rationality of lay inferences ? Polish Psychological Bulletin, 20, 267-285 LINK PDF
  • Russell, J.A., Lewicka, M., Niit, T. (1989).The structure of affect implicit in English, Estonian, Greek and Polish. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 848-856 LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (1992). Pragmatic reasoning schemata with differing affective value of a consequent of logical implication. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 23, 237-252 LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M., Czapiński, J., Peeters, G. (1992). Positive-negative asymmetry or "When the heart needs a reason". European Journal of Social Psychology. (425-434) LINK PDF


  • Lewicka, M. (1993).Actor or observer? Psychological mechanisms of cognitive biases in lay reasoning. Warszawa-Olsztyn: PTP. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2012). Psychology of place. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe “Scholar” (in Polish)
Book chapters
  • Lewicka, M. (1993). Mechanisms of action-involvement and action-control in human behavior. In: M. Kofta (Ed.), Sources of human activity: from involvement to helplessness. Nakom: Poznan. (in Polish).
  • Lewicka, M. (1995). Vers une perspective pragmatique de la cognition: l'evaluation du sens influence-t-elle la rationalite des inferances?" W: E. Drozda-Sekowska (Ed.), Irrationalites collectives (pp. 91-120). Delachaux et Nestle: Lausanne..
  • Lewicka, M. (1997). Is hate wiser than love? Cogntive and emotional utilities in decision making. W: R. Ranyard, R. Crozier, O. Svenson (Eds.), Decision making: Cognitive models and explanations. London: Routledge. LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (1997). Rational or uncommitted? Depression and indecisiveness in interpersonal decision making. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 38, 227-236. LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (1997). Rationality against efficiency: Is rationality (1) a necessary concept? Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, 16, 124-129
  • Lewicka, M. (1998). Confirmation bias: cognitive error or adaptive strategy of action control? W: M. Kofta, G. Weary, G. Sędek (Ed.), Personal control in action: Cognitive and motivational mechanisms (ss. 233-258). New York: Plenum. LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (1998). Where do we come from? An outline of the history of Warsaw psychology. In: M. Lewicka, T. Sosnowski, M. Trojan (Eds.), Faculty of Psychology of the Warsaw University (pp. 9-48). Warszawa: Wydział Psychologii UW. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (1999). On psychologic, constructivism and intentional explanations. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 40 (Suppl.), 59-62. LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (2000). Confirmation bias and positive-negative asymmetry. Polish Psychological Bulletin, 31, 149-175. LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (2000). Processes of attribution. In: J. Strelau (Ed.), Handbook of Psychology, vol. 3 (pp. 45-68). Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne. (in Polish)
  • . Lewicka, M. (2000). Thinking and reasoning. In: J. Strelau (Ed.), Handbook of Psychology, vol. 2 (ss. 275-316).. Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2001). Psychological mechanisms of entitlement behavior . W: D. Doliński, B. Weigl (red.), From thoughts and feelings to decisions and action (111-125). Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Instytutu Psychologii PAN. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2002). To be given or to work it out by oneself? A cube model of activity. In: M. Lewicka, J. Grzelak (red.), Individual and Society: Psychological approach (pp. 83-102). Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne (in Polish).
  • Lewicka, M. (2003). Positive negative asymmetry in evaluations and structure of concepts. In: T. Zaleśkiewicz, Z. Piskorz (red.), Psychology of mind (pp. 37-65).. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2004). ). Place attachment of Warsaw inhabitants: determinants and consequences In: J. Grzelak, T. Zarycki (eds.). Social map of Warsaw. Interdisciplinary study of the Warsaw Metropolis. (pp. 273-315). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2004). Evaluative map of Warsaw. Warsaw against other cities. In: J. Grzelak, T. Zarycki (eds.). Social map of Warsaw. Interdisciplinary study of the Warsaw Metropolis. (pp. 316-336). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar (n Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2005). Poles are a great and proud nation or a (very differentiated) Polish portrait. In: M. Drogosz (Eds.), How Poles win, how Poles fail? (pp. 5-34). Sopot: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2005). Architektura społeczeństwa obywatelskiego. O roli miejsca zamieszkania w budowaniu tożsamości lokalnej. W: U. Jakubowska, K. Skarżyńska (red.), Demokracja w Polsce: Doświadczanie zmiany.(s. 82-91) Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Instytutu Psychologii PAN.
  • Lewicka, M.(2006 Two cities – two microcosms In: P. Żuk, J. Pluta (Eds.), We - the Wrocław people. Social space of a city (pp. 99-134). Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Dolnośląskie. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2006). Facts and myths about Polish attitudes of entitlements. In: K. Szafraniec (red.), Individual and social resources of the countryside. (pp. 253-268). Warszawa: IRWiR PAN (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M., Bańka, A. (2008). Environmental psychology. In: D. Doliński, J. Strelau (Eds.), Psychology: Academic handbook (pp. 497-544). Sopot: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2008). The two path model of civic activity: Social or cultural capital?. In: D. Rutkowska, A. Szuster (Eds.), Different faces of altruism (pp. 245-275). Wydawnictwo Naukowe „Scholar”. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2008). Cultural and social capital: cooperation or antagonism? In: W. Ciarkowska, W. Oniszczenko (Eds.), Essays in psychology of individual differences (pp. 192-208). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe “Scholar”. (In Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2008). City as a research subject of psychology. In: B. Jałowiecki (Ed.), City as a research subject (pp. 114-131). Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe “Scholar” (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2012). Взаємні кривди і борги вдячності поляків та українців: бачення стосунків з сусідами. (Mutual harms and debts of gratitude: Polish and Ukrainian picture of relations with neighbors) W: W. P. Melnyk (red.), Людина в сучасному світі. Книга 2. Психологічно-антропологічний контекст (ss. 362-391). Lviv: Lviv University (in Ukrainian)
  • Lewicka, M. (2011). Historical Ethnic Bias in collective memory of places: Cognitive or motivational? In: W. Brun, G. Keren, G. Kirkebøen, & H. Montgomery (eds.) Perspectives on Thinking, Judging, and Decision Making, ss. 262-273.. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
  • Lewicka, M. (2011). On the real nature of trust in motivating people for civic activity. In: J. Czarnota-Bojarska i I. Zinserling (Eds.). Essential issues in social psychology.. (pp. 187-206). Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. (in Polish).
  • Lewicka, M. (2013). In search of roots: Memory as enabler of place attachment. W: L. Manzo & P. Devine-Wright (red.), Place attachment: Advances in theory, methods and research. (s. 49-60). New York: Routledge/Francis & Taylor
Journal articles
  • Lewicka, M. (2004). Buy a book… Mechanisms of civic activity in Polish society. Studia Psychologiczne, 42, 4, 65-82 (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M.(2005). If I had a million… Dreams of Poles at the beginning of the XXIst century. Kolokwia Psychologiczne, 12, 218-237. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2005). Ways to make people active: Role of place attachment, cultural capital and neighborhood ties. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25, 381-395. LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (2005). Chicken or egg? Socialdemocratic or liberal model of entitlement attitudes. Psychologia Jakości Życia, 2, 227-248 (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2006). Regional differentiation of identity: Comparison of Poland and Ukraine. Studia Regionalne i Lokalne, 1, 5-35 (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M., Zaborska, K. (2007). Gated communities – is there an alternative solution? Kolokwia Psychologiczne, 16, 135-152 (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M., Foland, A. (2007). Territorial identity in Poland and in Ukraine: regional differentiation. Ukraina Moderna, 12, 2, 271-298 (in Ukrainian)
  • Lewicka, M. (2007). On constructivism, individual differences and universal laws. Psychologia Społeczna, 3 (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2008, doi:10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.02.001). Place attachment, place identity and place memory: Restoring the forgotten city past. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28, 209-231. LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (2008) Historical ethnic bias in urban memory: the case of Central European cities. Magazine for Urban Documentation: Opinion + Theory. LINK PDF
  • Lewicka, M. (2009). Psychology of capitals: An introduction. Psychologia Społeczna, 4, 7-11. (in Polish)
  • Lewicka, M. (2010). Aurea mediocrita czyli o tym czy jakość może przejść w ilość. Roczniki Psychologiczne, XIII, 49-58
  • Lewicka, M. (2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2009.05.004). What makes neighborhood different from home and city? Effects of place scale on place attachment. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 35-51
  • Lewicka, M. (2011, DOI: 10.1177/0013916510364917). On the varieties of people's relationships with places: Hummon's typology revisited. Environment and Behavior, 43, 676 - 709.
  • Wojcik, A., Bilewicz, M., Lewicka, M. (2010). Living on the ashes: Collective representations of Polish-Jewish history among people living in the former Warsaw Ghetto area. Cities, 27, 195-203. DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2010.01.002
  • Lewicka, M. (2011). Place attachment: How far have we come in the last 40 years? Journal of Environmental Psychology, 31, 207-230.
  • Wytykowska-Kaczorek, A. M., & Lewicka, M. (2011). Learning the affective value of target categories: the role of category valence and the Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS). Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 944-948.
  • Lewicka, M. (2013). Localism and Activity as two dimensions of people-place bonding: The role of cultural capital. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 36, 43-53
  • Lewicka, M.(2013). Place inherited or place discovered? Agency and communion in people-place bonding. Estudios de Psicologia, 34, 261-274
  • Lewicka, M. (2014). Neighborhood relations as an intermediary social capital. Przegląd Psychologiczny, 57, 69-85 (in Polish)


Research projects
  • 1985 - 1989: participation in several research programs coordinated by Ministry of Science and Education.
  • 1991-1994 (principal investigator): Trait-object versus object-trait reasoning schemata: Their consequences for judgment and decision making. (research grant No. 1 0503 91 01 received from KBN).
  • 1992-1995 (principal investigator): Positive-negative asymmetry and the structure of conceptual categories (research grant received from KBN). (research grant No 1 P 106 013 04 received from KBN)
  • 1996-1999 (investigator): Prospective and retrospective inferences and rationality of reasoning (research grant No 835/H01/96/10 received from KBN).
  • 2001-2004 (principal investigator): Psychological mechanisms of attitudes of entitlement . (research grant No 1839/H01/2001/21)
  • 2007-2010 (principal investigator): Two-path model of civic activity: A multilevel analysis. (Research grant No N NN106 0805 33
  • 2010-2013: (investigator): Cognitive strategies motivated by approach and avoidance: integration of three theoretical perspectives. Grant MNiSW nr N N106 2828 39
  • 2012-2015 (principal investigator): Retrieving the lost memory: Role of the social memory of place in identity formation. Grant NCN Nr 2011/03/B/HS6/03320
  • 2006-2009: Psychological costs and emotional effects on solving selection task (doctoral grant to Piotr Wasilewski). Grant nr N N106 046034
  • 2007 – 2010. Social life in gated communities. Security by design as an alternative to gating (doctoral grant to Katarzyna Zaborska). Grant nr N N106 046034
  • 2008 – 2011. Paradise lost? Nostalgia after communism and mechanisms of collective memory (doctoral grant to Monika Prusik), Grant nr N N106 065835
  • 2012 – 2015 (coordinator of the survey part): Region, Nation and Beyond. An Interdisciplinary and Transcultural Reconsideration of Ukraine. Grant given by the Swiss National Foundation
  • 2012. 2014 (principal investigator): Living on the Ashes. Collective memory of the Jewish past in Warsaw. Grant given by the Rothschild Foundation (principal investigator).
  • 2012-2015 (member of the Management Committee): Social psychological dynamics of historical representations in the enlarged European Union (COST IS1205)
  • A number of smaller projects financed from the Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, received every year.
  • Several awards of the Rector of University of Warsaw (individual and collectiva), including award for the habilitation thesis (Actor or observer, 1993) and for the monograph Psychology of place (2012).
  • 2008 – Jean Paul Codol award for contribution in development of social psychology in Europe.
  • 2012 - Teofrast award for the best scientific book of 2012 (“Psychology of place”) granted by the magazine Charaktery
  • 2013 - Wladyslaw Witwicki award for the book “Psychology of place”, granted by the Division I of the Polish Academy of Science
International activity
  • Membership in Associations: European Association of Experimental Social Psychology (since1984), European Association of Decision Making (1981-94 SPUDM), International Association for People-Environment Studies (IAPS) (since 2005)
  • Conferences: Active participation in over 60 international conferences
Conference and Symposia Organization
  • 1989 (together with Bogdan Wojciszke): International Conference on "Affect and Social Cognition". Sopot, Poland, June 1989.
  • 1992 (together with Janusz Czapinski and Guido Peeters): Symposium on Positive-Negative Asymmetry in Affect, Cognition and Behavior. International Congress of Psychology, Brussels, July, 1992
  • 1993: Conference of the European Group of Process Tracing in Decision Making. Conference organized in Prague, Czechoslovakia, April, 1993.
  • 1994: (together with Janusz Grzelak): Organization of the Summer School of the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology. Serock, 25th July-7th August, 1994.
  • 1997: International Conference on Positive-Negative Asymmetry and Reasoning. Kraków, Poland, 8-12 August.
  • 2000 (together with Tytus Sosnowski): Polish-Ukrainian Conference on Psychology (Lviv-Warsaw psychology: yesterday – today – tomorrow), Warsaw, 1-5 July
  • 2001 (together with the University of Lviv, Ukraine): Conference of the European Group for Process Tracing in Decision Making. Lviv, June.
  • 2002 – Organization (together with Tytus Sosnowski) of the Summer School for Students of Poland, Ukraine and Belarus “Understanding Social Phenomena”, Przemyśl, 2002
  • 2003: (together with Tytus Sosnowski and Lviv University) – The Second Polish-Ukrainian Conference on Psychology. Lviv, Ukraine, 19-21 September, 2003
  • 2011: XX Kolokwia Psychologiczne, Lviv, Ukraine
  • 2012 (together with Patrick Devine-Wright: Place attachment (IAPS Conference in Glasgow, June 2012)
  • Member of scientific committees on a number of international (IAPS, EASP) and local (Polish Association of Social Psychology) conferences
  • Invited lectures: USA and Canada (University of Washington, Seattle; Indiana University, Bloomington; Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada; Brock University, St. Catharines, Canada; Waterloo University, Waterloo, Canada; Wisconsin, Madison, USA; Birmingham University, Alabama, USA); European Universities (Leuven, Utrecht,Tilburg, Stockholm, Goeteborg, Bergen, Tromsoe, Prague, Bratislava, Lviv, Kiev etc.
International cooperation
  • Longer term visits: 1987: University of Carleton, Canada (2 months); 1988: University of Leuven, Belgium (1 month; 1991: Scholarship of the Norwegian Research Council (3 months), Bergen, Norway; Since 1994 to 2004 yearly stays (3 to 5 months) at the University in Tromsoe, Norway
  • Cooperation: Lviv University of Ivan Franko, Lviv, Ukraine; several international projects (Region, Nation and Beyond. An Interdisciplinary and Transcultural Reconsideration of Ukraine, Inernational project COST “Social psychological dynamics of historical representations in the enlarged European Union”


Courses taught

Social psychology, psychology of emotion and motivation, judgment and decision makingi; academic skills, environmental psychology; research methods in environmental psychology; urban psychology; head of the specialization module Environmental psychology.

Theses supervision

Over 100 completed Master of Arts degrees; 8 completed PhD degrees (Anna Krempa-Kowalewska, Marzena Cypryańska, Marta Snarska, Piotr Wasilewski, Monika Prusik, Katarzyna Zaborska, Katarzyna Skok, Anna Rygielska), 8 PhD students).


Rationality, social perception, procesy wartościowania, emocje a procesy poznawcze, psychologia środowiskowa (mapy poznawcze; tożsamość lokalna; psychologia miejsca; pamięć miejsca);postawy społeczno-polityczne Polaków (w tym postawy roszczeniowe);aktywność społeczna; porównania międzykulturowe ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej.

Administrative functions (most recent)
  • 2005 – now: Head of the Department of Social Psychology
  • 2002-2009 – Director of Doctoral Studies, Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw
  • 2010- 2015 – coordinator of the European project Human Capital (professional training of psychology students)
  • 2012 – now: Member of the University Senate and Senate Commission for Science
  • 2013 – now: member of the Committee of Evaluation of Scientific Units – advisory board to the Ministry of Science and Education
  • 2014 – now: member of the Committee for evaluation of scientific journals – advisory board to the Ministry of Science and Education
  • 2002 – now: organizer of weekly Scientific Tuesdays at the Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw
  • 2009 - now: member of the Ececutive Board of the Polish Association of Social Psychology
  • 1993 - now: Expert evaluations of candidates for promotion and employment at international universities (University of Tromsoe, University of Oslo, University of Trondheim, University of Bergen, University of Helsinki), reviewer of international grant proposals (Max Planck Institute, Nerherlands Organization for Scientific Research), reviewer of research proposals for the National Science Center (Poland).
Editorial activities
  • Editor-in-Chief of the journal Psychologia Społeczna (appointed October 2004)
  • Associate Editor: European Journal of Social Psychology , 1989-1993.
Member of Editorial Board
  • Przegląd Psychologiczny , 1978-1990
  • Polish Psychological Bulletin , 1988 -1990
  • Theory and Psychology , 1990-2000
  • Journal of Environmental Psychology (since 2010)
  • Roczniki Psychologiczne (since 2010)

Reviewing mss
  • European Journal of Social Psychology, European Journal of Personality Psychology, Acta Psycologica, Theory and Psychology, British Journal of Social Psychology, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Journal of Environmental Psychology (over reviews), Experimental Psychology, Journal of Environmental Management, Cities, Environment and Behavior, European Urban and Regional Studies, Asian Journal of Social Psychology, Society and Natural Resources. Spanish Journal of Psychology, Environment and Planning A, Journal of Urban Issues, Applied Research in Quality of Life, Educational Research Review, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, Journal of Urban Affairs, The Social Science Journal, Urban Studies, Population, Space and Place, Self and Identity, and a number of Polish journals
  • Editor (together with Guido Peeters and Janusz Czapiński) of a special issue of European Journal of Social Psychology (1992, two volumes).